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Annotations vs. Abstracts

Annotations vs. Abstracts


Image highlighting where an abstract is located in a journal

Is an Abstract the same as an Annotation?


An Abstract is written by the author(s) of the article and serves as a preview/summary of the article. 

An Annotation is written by a student, researcher or scholar and it describes, analyzes and evaluates the article.

MLA Sample Annotations

MLA Citation

Kirkpatric, Ellen. "Transformers: "Identity" Comprised." Cinema Journal, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 124-133. Academic Search Premier, doi:10.1353/cj.2015.0066.

The article discusses gender identity through superheroes. The author uses popular superheroes such as Wonder Woman, The Hulk and Spider Man. These characters are presented in comics as normal human beings but when conflict arises they transform into a super human form. The transformation results in the characters becoming an exaggerated version of a male or female figure. The author argues that once the transformation is completed the general public alienates these superheroes in the same manner transgender individuals are alienated when sex or gender transition occurs. The article is a useful source because it addresses transgender transitions in American society. Kirkpatric has published gender identify peer-reviewed articles in notable journals.

Movies Trailers and Movie Reviews

Let's think of an Abstract and an Annotation in film terms...

Transformers Movie Ad 


Transformers: Age of Extinction. Movie Poster. Directed by Michael Bay, Paramount Pictures, 2014. The Hollywood Reporter,

Transformers movie reviews


Kenny, Glenn. "Transformers: Age of Extinction Movie Review." Roger Ebert, 26 June 2014,  

Movie Trailers 

Movie Trailers are produced by the movie studio and are meant to give viewers an idea of what the film is about.                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

  • action 

  • drama

  • mystery

A Movie Trailer is = to an Abstract

Movie Reviews

Movies are reviewed by movie critics, fans or columnist at major newspapers. These reviews provide the readers with an overall plot of the movie, they list director(s), producer(s) or actor(s) names, along with a critique of the movie. 

  • Good Reviews

  • Bad Reviews 


A Movie Review is = to an Annotation

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